Diamonds are classified on the basis of the 4C’s. These four traits are found in all diamonds and it single handedly determines the quality and price of a diamond. The 4C’s represent the Clarity, Color, Carat and Cut of a diamond. A diamond is certified, which is also known as the fifth C, on the basis of the combined value of the 4C’s.
The clarity of a diamond refers to the amount of imperfections, haziness and brilliance it has. As the flaws become more apparent the clarity of the diamond decreases and so does its value. The color of a diamond ranges from white to warm yellow. However it is the colorless stones that are most sought after. The lack of color allows for the maximum refraction of light which in turn makes the diamond sparkle.
The carat of a diamond refers to its weight. Large diamonds are rarer than the smaller variety and therefore more expensive. The cute indicates the manner in which the diamond is chiseled in order to enhance its brightness. Most diamonds normally come with an emerald cut or the princess cut.
There is one more C that guarantees the purity of a diamond and it is called the Certificate.